Equal Protection or Due Process Sample Paper || Law Assignment Help
During the early and mid-1980’s, many states raised their drinking age to 21 in response to federal prompting and as a means of promoting traffic safety. To further address public health and safety concerns, many states initiated sobriety checkpoints and introduced random drug testing for public employees and high school students.
Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper that discusses the following:
- How would you analyze the effect of these policies?
- What approach might you take, and what types of information might you seek and use?
- Suppose your analysis discerned no policy affect, how do you think different political groups would react?
- What due process and equal protection issues and standards do these public safety strategies raise?
- Apply the Supreme Court’s three-tiered test to determine if equal protection or due process has been violated.
- Explain how managerial, political, and legal perspectives variously affect this policy change, implementation, and evaluation.
The idea behind changing the drinking age was meant to promote public safety in particular among those driving. The rule concentrated more on the young people especially high school students. However, the policies had various effects since most people regarded it as discriminatory. The argument against the idea was it would lead to a rise in the binge, in particular among the young people. The consequence resulted in danger to the safety and the health of the public. Initially, the law regarded 18 years old fit to drive, serve in the military, and to marry thus making it illogical to deter them from drinking beer. It made most of the young people to act in contempt of the law whereby they did not comply with the law. Furthermore, the idea to outlaw any moderate drinking of beer would not be ideal in any social context since it has led to increased consumption rates (Krauss & Williams, 2011). Moreover, some of the negative consequences in the society are due to the ubiquity associated with the non-compliance of the law. The policies primarily were meant to control the consumption of hard liquor which had ruined the dreams of most students thus requiring the parents to offer the supervisory role to their parent. However, most of the parents don’t understand the state law on supervisory thus they don’t know the benefits of controlling the alcohol consumption among their kids, but instead they disregard any use. The result is when the kids become of age they begin to engage in binge drinking which affects their health and safety.
To implement the policies on raising the drinking age, I would apply different strategies such as the school strategies. The idea behind the use of the strategy is to target most of the adolescent since they are the most affected. I would require different types of information for use such as the existence of programs that promote youth development.
I would also give information on the effects and the consequences of drug abuse among the young people (Krauss & Williams, 2011).Furthermore, to enhance emphasize, I would help in creating awareness about the importance of avoiding alcohol consumption before one attains the required age. Through the use of the school approach, I would also adopt the interactive and teaching technique such as organizing discussions with the different groups and promoting participation in drug-free activities.
Moreover, I would also use the extracurricular approach to assist in targeting too many adolescents who act without the supervision from the adults. The idea would entail having more of the youths engage in different programs such as recreations activities, mentoring, and sports. The outcome of using this approach includes improving the development skills among the young people. It also creates a platform for better communication and fewer psychological problems among the young people. The approach would results in decreased involvement in risky behavior among the young such as drug abuse thus reducing incidences of school dropout and juvenile delinquency. Moreover, I would also use the approach to community strategy to deal with the problem. The proposal would require an increase in the exercise taxes, making it legal that the drinking age is 21 years, and sensitizing the citizens on the reduction in the social and commercial availability of alcoholic drinks. It would require getting all the information on the alcohol dealers and emphasizing that they should not sell alcohol to young people.
In case my analysis discerned has no policy effect; the political groups would react differently either to look for more viable systems or in my support. The support would mainly come as a result of the scientific evidence on the health and social evidence associated with raising the minimum legal drinking age. It would also offer a platform for various political groups to discuss and analyze the documents that clarify the evidence restricting individual’s rights to purchase alcohol before they attain the age of 21. The public safety strategies and standards raised through the use of the policies include the reduction in harm caused by alcohol among the young people due to heavy drinking. The damages include injuries due to violence, traffic accident, and in some cases suicide.
The application of the Supreme Court three-tiered test comes in the case where a supervisory law required by the parents for the kids. The level of scrutiny should first show the state interest such as the race, religion and the national origin. Secondly, there is middle-tier scrutiny and minimum control; therefore, the law does not violate the approach. The reason behind it is that the parent state first recognizes the origin of the person under the rule, and then the supervisory role is offered to the parent until one attains the age of 21, and finally, one is left free to act on their own until they reach the required legal age (Krauss & Williams, 2011).The managerial, political, and legal perspectives affect the policy change; implementation and evaluation in different ways such as the management have to comply with the culture of the organization. The political views come into a place where every member need consultation and analysis needed on the effects of the changes implement. Finally, the legal aspects come whereby one has to bring in policies that are in line with the laws of the country. The change in plans should not affect the rights of individuals within the organization.
Krauss, R. M., & Williams, P. T. (2011). Alcohol and the Heart: Does Raising High-Density Lipoprotein Matter? Circulation, 124(21), 2283-2284. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.111.067223
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