Similarities and Differences Between ADHD and ASD


Prepare a handout for Mrs. Rivera that briefly describes the historical backgrounds of ADHD and Autism Disorder diagnoses. Please create a diagram, chart, drawing, and or other self-created graphic that can demonstrate to her the differences and similarities of both disorders in terms of their associated symptom presentations. Summarize that diagram to help her understand the distinctions between ADHD and ASD.



Analyze Similarities and Differences Between ADHD and ASD


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental issue and behavior that affect child communication, play skills, and social. The child with ASD has their way of combining their character. Their diagnosis depends on what doctors observe the child's behavior and how they have been developing from past years. ASD cannot describe as a mental illness through there is no medical cure for this difference in brain cause, but some behavior can be changed when the right treatment is done (Craig, Margari, Legrottaglie, Palumbi, Giambattista, &Margari, 2016).

One out of 165 people have ASD according to Canadian and colleagues research from 2006, in this research it shows that four out of people with ASD they are males. ASD affects people from all races or every economic background. ASD has no specific identifiable cause, but studies that carried out currently suggest that it is related to brain differences. There is a suggestion that some families have a pattern of ASD where it has affected more than one member of the family, there is ongoing research about the genetic basis disorder where no single genes directly have a link to ASD. ASD can be caused, by, the interaction complex of several genes.

Some professionals might use different names to describe ASD, which can confuse first; they can say that a child has high functioning autism or say that a child has a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) (Dougherty, Evans, Myers, Moore, Michael, 2016) Sometimes ASD diagnosis can be confusing to the teachers, parents, and family. Children with ASD may avoid eye contact while others seem to stare at something for some time. Some of the children with ASD like hug while others do not. To diagnose a child with ASD, the child must look different in areas like communication, social behavior, and when playing whether the child has a limit or interest. This child can be difficult for each other even though they seem to share some similar characteristics. Children with ASD have likes and dislikes, just like any other children who do not have ASD. In some cases, parents are blamed for the difficulties of their children because they do not love enough causing their child to have trouble to build a relationship with other children.

Through understanding ASD and the brain better, it is possible for the brain development and works. With the right treatment, it is possible to deal with the different characteristics of ASD. Most adults and the children who have ASD always will have some symptoms of ASD, which they will have for the lest of their life, but some behaviors can be changed(Kuijper, Hartman, Bogaerds-Hazenberg,& Hendriks, 2017).

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a medical condition. A person with ADHD has brain development differences and the activity of the brain, which affects the ability to sit still, self-control, and the attention of the person. Childs can be affected by ADHD while at home, in friendships, and school. ADHD symptoms are varied and sometimes difficult to recognize. Doctors need to evaluate children with ADHD using several ways. Generally, children diagnosed at a young age of 7 years old. Children with ADHD have self-focused behavior where these children are not able to recognize other people's desires or need. The behavior can cause the child with ADHD to interrupt others when they are having a conversation or when talking and, but for themselves in a game, they are not part, off. (Kuijperet al.,2017) During the classroom, children with ADHD have difficulty waiting for their turns to give their option inactivity going on in class or in the game they are playing with other children. Children with ADHD experience trouble in keeping a check-in emotion.

A child with ADHD has an interest in a lot of activities but unable to complete the activities. They may start a chore, homework, or even a project but fail to complete before they move to the next thing that catches their interest before finishing what they have started. Following instructions that are required, a plan becomes difficult for children with ADHD, which causes them to make a lot of mistakes. Even when talking directly to the child with ADHD, they have trouble paying attention to what one is saying. They show symptoms of the condition in many sets. Sometimes they lack focus at home and at school. They are forgetful where they can even forget to do their homework(Solberg, Zayats, Posserud, Halmøy, Engeland, Haavik, &Klungsøyr,2019).

Similarities between ASD and ADHD

ASD and ADHD have some similarities; both disorders run in the family and cause by genetics and tend. They also have similar symptoms like impulsiveness, social awkwardness, extremely focused only on the things they are interested in and have trouble sitting. Also, both disorders lack concern or ability to reach other people's feelings and emotions. In both conditions, the researcher did not fully understand the cause of the state and why they frequently occur the gene linked to both situations. The disorder occurs to the same person because the researcher found that 30 to 50 percent of people with ASD also have ADHD. In both diseases, some behavior can change when proper treatment is done.

Differences between ADHD and ASD

ADHD and ASD have the following differences

ADHD Symptoms

ASD Symptoms

Child with ADHD has trouble in sitting still.

Child with ASD can sit still without trouble.

ADHD is easily distracted

Its hard to destruct ASD

they jump from one task to another frequently.

they don’t jump from one task to another.

it is responsive to the common stimuli.

it is not responsive to the common stimuli.

it does not have concentration or focus on singular item

it focusses and concentrate on singular items.

child with ADHD interrupt conversation or activities.

Child with ASD does not interrupt activities or conversation.

It does not delay the milestone of the development.

It delays the millstone of the development.

Do not impair the interaction socially.

It impairs the interaction socially.

Does not withdraw behavior.

It withdraws behavior.

They do not avoid contact of eyes

Avoids eye contact.

They blurt things or talk nonstop.

Do not blurt or talk nonstop

They do not move repetitively or twisting.

They walk repetitively or twisting.

They have difficulties in focusing and have narrow attention in one task.

They do not have difficulties in focus and narrow attention to one task.








Craig, F., Margari, F., Legrottaglie, A. R., Palumbi, R., De Giambattista, C., &Margari, L. (2016). A review of executive function deficits in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment12, 1191.

Dougherty, C. C., Evans, D. W., Myers, S. M., Moore, G. J., & Michael, A. M. (2016). A comparison of structural brain imaging findings in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Neuropsychology review26(1), 25-43.

Kuijper, S. J., Hartman, C. A., Bogaerds-Hazenberg, S., & Hendriks, P. (2017). Narrative production in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Similarities and differences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology126(1), 63.

Solberg, B. S., Zayats, T., Posserud, M. B., Halmøy, A., Engeland, A., Haavik, J., &Klungsøyr, K. (2019). Patterns of psychiatric comorbidity and genetic correlations provide new insights into differences between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder. Biological psychiatry86(8), 587-598.





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