Interventions for the Management of Hypertension (Sample Paper 2020)
Hypertension is a life-threatening disease that affects many people globally. The disease that is mostly caused by lifestyle factors such as smoking, drinking, and poor eating habits, is life long, and this hampers the quality of life of the patients. Its management is, therefore, an essential aspect of ensuring the patients have a quality life.
The management of the disease can be attained through a number of interventions. Each intervention depends on the extent of the disease. The level of blood pressure, the history of cardiac attacks, and the utilization of other alternatives will depend on the nature of treatment that the patient should receive (Gabb et al., 2016). The interventions can either be through medication or non-medication therapy. In another case, it can be a combination of both medication and non-medication intervention.
The use of medication has been identified has been one of the most effective measures of managing hyperattention. The use of medication, such as amlodipine and chlorthalidone, have been identified to be effective in managing the disease. However, these medications have been noted to be more effective if they are combined (Huffman, Ogedegbe& Jaffe,2018). However, to ensure safety, then medication needs to be delivered in small dosages depending on the health status of the patient (Huffman, Ogedegbe& Jaffe,2018). However, the success of the intervention depends on the capacity of the patient to adhere to the medication, and more ijmportant5ly afford the high cost of the medication (Chet et al., 2017). The cost has been the reason behind most people from low-income households to be unable to access the medication, and this is an imminent threat to their lives.
The other alternative commonly used is the use of lifestyle intervention. Hypertension is a lifestyle-related disease and the use of lifestyle,and therefore, lifestyle management is a good alternative in controlling the symptoms of the disease and, at the same time, acting as a preventive measure to those that are at risk of the disease. The intervention can be adapted to those that have severe symptoms and those that have mild symptoms of the condition. To those whom the disease is severe to them, the use of lifestyle intervention comes as supplementary intervention aside from the use of medication.
Lifestyle intervention approaches vary. They include the dietary management interventions where the patient is guided on eating healthy foods and avoiding those that may end up putting them at the risk of the disease (Ozemek et al., 2017). More to this is that this intervention entails engagement in physical exercises. Importantly is on the changing from risking lifestyle activities such as smoking, drinking, and other risking behaviors that put the patient at the risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical exercises need to be observed strictly so that those that fail to respond to the intervention can be subjected to medical interventions. Adhering to lifestyle intervention is challenging because it calls for the patients to go out of their comfort zones. Therefore, there is a need to ensures that patients are helped to adhere. Counselling has been used to help patients adhered to lifestyle interventions, and this has been effective in making them adhered to (Janke, Richardson & Schneider, 2019).
The use of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for the management of hypertension. The intervention can be used independently or together. The decision on how should be used needs to be made by a physician. The patients need support systems for them to adhere to lifestyle interventions for the disease.
Interventions for the Management of Hypertension
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Gabb, G. M., Mangoni, A. A., Anderson, C. S., Cowley, D., Dowden, J. S., Golledge, J., … & Schlaich, M. (2016). Guideline for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in adults—2016. Medical Journal of Australia, 205(2), 85-89.
Huffman, M. D., Ogedegbe, G., & Jaffe, M. (2018). Low-dose combination of blood pressure pharmacotherapy to improve treatment effectiveness, safety, and efficiency. Jama, 320(6), 552-554.
Janke, E. A., Richardson, C., & Schneider, K. L. (2019). Beyond pharmacotherapy: lifestyle counseling guidance needed for hypertension. Annals of internal medicine, 170(3), 195-196.
Ozemek, C., Phillips, S. A., Popovic, D., Laddu-Patel, D., Fancher, I. S., Arena, R., &Lavie, C. J. (2017). Nonpharmacologic management of hypertension: a multidisciplinary approach. Current opinion in cardiology, 32(4), 381-388.