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Diverse Issues || Term Paper

DIVERSITY ISSUES:

Diversity is a fundamental aspect in any organization to guarantee effectiveness
Diversity is Essential

QUESTION

Part 1 of assignment:
For this assignment, you will demonstrate you can summarize and critically evaluate peer-reviewed research and clearly present that evaluative information in writing. You will be able to use portions of this assignment for your final paper. These skills will be invaluable as you continue to build your literature review.

Please prepare a paper using Appendix I from the books and resources for this week to critique the peer-reviewed research. Then, using the principle of justice, evaluate the research you have gathered so far (7-10 studies) to determine if subject selection followed this principle Appendix II.
Some aspects of this principle you will reflect on are listed below:
• Does the subject selection sufficiently reflect diversity to make the results of the study generalizable to a general population?
• Were individuals chosen as participants who can expect to benefit from the study?
• If a diverse group was chosen as the only participants, does this reflect a logic or reasoning from within the study, or does this reflect a convenience selection?

Articles for this week’s assignment:
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (1979). The Belmont Report.
Ethical Principles for Research
1) Boundaries between Practice and Research
2) Basic Ethical Principles
• Respect for persons
• Beneficence
• Justice
3) Application
• Informed consent
• Assessments of risk and benefits
• Selection of subjects

Be sure to review this week’s resources carefully. You are expected to apply the information
from these resources when you prepare your assignment.

Avula, H. (2013). Periodontal research: Basics and beyond- Part II (ethical, sampling, outcome measures, and bias). Journal of Indian Society of Period

Conkin, J. (2005). Critiquing research for use in practice. Science Direct, 19(3), 183-186.

Nelson, T., & Nelson, J. (2010). Evidence-Based practice and the culture of adolescence. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(4), 305-31

Ryan, F., Coughlan. M., & Cronin, P. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 2: Qualitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(1)
Please use references up to date 2016-2020 articles only.

ANSWER

Diversity Issues
The article, ‘Diversity and Inclusion Grant for Literature Final Report May 14, 2019’ is written by Bourque et al. (2019). The choice of the subject matter incorporates inclusion and the consideration of diversity in education. In this regard, the authors are focused on Elon. As such, they assert that literature contains an exclusive capability to augment the comprehension of diverse insights, specifically the marginalized and under-represented lots. By the mention of the marginalized individuals, their work seeks to get them justice, alongside the major groups by ensuring that literature incorporates their perceptions. On the other hand, the participating individuals are students. In this light, the article examines students’ thoughts on diversity, inclusive of assumptions, the best approach for teaching, and primary themes emanating from the student groups. (Diversity Issues)
Furthermore, the article focuses on classrooms’ sensitive topics, inclusive text assortment, course planning, sample assignments, class events, and a working approach that entails more reading on diversity, tutoring, and inclusions. In this regard, the students taking a part in the exercise are bound to benefit from the findings of the research. Moreover, the study focuses on diverse student setting in Elon where there were 16.5% people identifying as color as of 2018 (Bourque et al., 2019). As a result, the findings are generalizable to the entire population. The choice of diverse participants in this instance qualifies as both convenience and rationality. For convenience, diverse students make it easy to come up with the thoughts of the entire school population, thus easing the exercise. On the other, it is only logical to include comprehensive thoughts from diverse students so that recommendations made are all-inclusive. (Diversity Issues)
The article ‘The colours and contours of compassion: A systematic review of the perspectives of compassion among ethnically diverse patients and healthcare providers’ by Singh, King-Shier, & Sinclair (2018) is ethnically bent. As such, the article identify and then defines the insights, experiences, significance, and effect of empathetic care among the ethnically distinct population groups. In this regard, the authors acknowledge that the western nations are gradually becoming socially and ethnically diverse. The article imparts the ethnic care takers with the passion required when dealing with the marginalized communities and does the same to the majority caretakers. As such, there is justice for the marginalized, especially in the countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States of America. The article employed a sampling of 2296 abstracts of which 23 met the threshold of the research.
Nonetheless, the article fails the applicability and generalizability of the results to the whole ethnic group populations. Another limiting factor is that the study focused on ethnic diverse nations and the minorities residing in the Western countries. As such, it affects the generalizability of the research. Another limitation on generalization is that the research focused on English studies only. It is thus, highly likely to miss some essential data. Finally, the study may have missed integral data relating to healthcare perceptions from diverse backgrounds. The participants did not in any way expect benefits because they were previously prepared articles. A diverse sample ensure rationality because the study main agenda is a broad range of patients. It is thus, logical to include diverse participants.
The article, ’Workforce diversity and organizational performance: a study of IT industry in India’ by Kundu&Mor (2017) examines the effects of diversity in a workplace setting. Besides, the article evaluates whether insights on diversity differ from distinct ethically bent employees in the information technology (IT) sector. The article is not generalizable to the entire population because it focuses on diversity on the IT industry only in India. Moreover, the article only used self-report surveys increasing the possibility of bias that arise from using one method. In this regard, this can only apply to the IT industry alone. The authors acquire the perception of 402 diverse participants. These participants voluntarily took a part in the exercise and thus, expected no benefits. They only shared their experience to enhance the study. A choice of diverse participants was justified and in line with the subject of the study.
Another article that focuses on diversity is ‘Review of diversity and inclusion literature and an evaluation of methodologies and metrics relating to health research’ by Chambers et al. (2017). The authors strive to embark on a critical and systematic review of the existing evidence base to establish a positive link between a comprehensive and assorted health study community, and the effects and qualities of the research undertaken by the community. As such, the study is informed by evidence emanating from research systems, with a fundamental on biomedical and health research. Also, it borrows from literatures on equality, diversity, coproduction, and inclusion. Besides, the authors attempt to examine the efficiency of scales applied in diversity, quality, impact, and inclusion in health studies, and the connection between these models and broader goals of inclusion and diversity (Chambers et al., 2017).In this regard, the subject of this research focuses on diversity and adds to the general literature of existing knowledge on inclusion.
There were 246 publications in this study of which 65 played the part of addressing the issue of research participant. The chosen papers applied the methodologies of research as well as topic selection issues. The chosen participants could not expect any benefit from this research because they are complete researches. Nonetheless, the authors could learn something to include in their next research undertakings. In this research, the choice of distinct participants is rational because the research attempts to draw from diverse literatures and establish the quality of inclusion in the choice of participants and its impact. However, the authors of the article failed to assess in a quality procedure that conforms to acknowledged mapping review processes. As such, they only came up with interventions’ descriptions in contrary to examining the impact or efficiency of interventions.
‘The importance of moral emotions for effective collaboration in culturally diverse healthcare teams’ is written by Cook &Brunton (2018). The articles’ subject is about the collaboration among healthcare teams that are culturally diverse. It strives to explain that moral emotions always shape the efficiency of ethnically diverse teams. As such, the moral emotions are integral in the decision making among the health care professionals. In this light, the article can be generalized to the entire population as diversity is the new reality in the world. Diversity ranges from disability, ethnicity, age, status, and many other elements. If well managed at the work place, it is bound to increase the productivity of workers (Anjorin&Jansari, 2018).
Conversely, the article attempts to illustrate how diversity can enhance workplace collaboration. The article stresses on seeing beyond personal lens, thus getting the validity and visibility essential in moral emotions. There were 53 participants of whom 36 originated from distinct countries and 17 from New Zealand. Nonetheless, in such an exercise, it is integral to consider working nurses as opposed to anyone who have just completed the nursing education as some of the participants were. In the case of working nurses, they will offer better perceptions because of the experience at workplace. However, the nurses taking a place in this exercise were voluntary participants who would not any benefits apart from the knowledge of the article once completed. The choice of diverse nurses was a logical approach that ensured that diverse perceptions were incorporated, leading to a concrete conclusion on moral emotions at the work place.
Furthermore, the article ‘The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Oncology Care Model Halfway Through: Perspectives from Diverse Participants’ by Kliine et al. (2019) is a good illustration of diverse participants. The article introduces the Ontology Care Model (OCM) that attempt to enhance and transform the patient experience. The authors draw from four diverse groups that are geographically spread with the aim of imparting knowledge to other institutions focused on patient-centered and practice transformation. As such, the article attains justice because the aim of the authors focus on the general ontology cares. Nonetheless, drawing insights from only four participants presents a challenge of bias information because the sample is small.
In this light, the article scrutinizes multiple patient cases in the institutions evaluated. The four participating institutions expected to benefit from the research because it is within their practice. As such, they could get mutual benefits from their contemporaries in the ontology practice. The choice of the diverse participants in this regard qualifies as a logical approach because the article aimed to enlighten massive readers in the oncology realm. In this light, the authors taking diverse insights is a logical approach to convince their readers and potential beneficiaries. Nonetheless, the article fails to establish one strategy that ensures best and patient-focused care. In this regard, they just urge oncology institutions to remain flexible for the discovery of their paths. As such, it is not a conclusive research but a study that aims to share patients’ experience from a diverse group of participants.
Besides, the article by Liang, Parsons, & Crisps (2017) names ‘Diverse Children’s Literature at the University’ focuses on more literatures that are inclusive at schools. As such, the authors reference the annual literature assembly on children that aimed to give opportunities to the university educators to share experiences, discover questions, and react to the challenges that develop in the teaching profession. The authors attempt to address contemporary issues that surround challenges and the issues of teaching the diverse students’ literatures. In this regard, the subject of the article is inclusive because it focuses on a diverse population of students to address the challenges emanating from their education. The results of the study will be instrumental to the entire population. As such, justice, along with the social responsibility are incorporated in the study. The participants are those taking part in the teaching profession at higher institutions. As such, the study will be integral to their teaching practice involving a diverse class. They will develop more skills and knowledge on the diversity challenges and issues. Besides, choosing diverse populations in the study is logical because the interaction will of the educators will impart foundational knowledge emanating from distinct voices that have different backgrounds. Thus, the results of the study will prove effective.

References
ANJORIN, R., &Jansari, A. (2018). Managing Cultural Diversity at Workplace.
Bourque, K., Layne, P., Pearson, E., &Proudfit, S. (2019). Diversity and Inclusion Grant for Literature Final Report May 14, 2019.
Cook, C., &Brunton, M. (2018). The importance of moral emotions for effective collaboration in culturally diverse healthcare teams. Nurisng inquiry, 25(2), e12214.
Chambers, D., Preston, L., Topakas, A., de Saille, S., Salway, S., Booth, A., … &Wilsdon, J. (2017). Review of diversity and inclusion literature and an evaluation of methodologies and metrics relating to health research.
Kliine, R.M., Brown, M., Buescher, N., Cox, J., Horenkamp, E., Hoverman, R., … & Strawbridge, L. (2019). The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Oncology Care Model Halfway Through: Perspectives s Diverse Participants. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 111(8), 764-771.
Kundu, S. C., &Mor, A. (2017). Workforce diversity and organizational performance: a study of IT industry in India. Employee Relations.
Liang, L. A. U. R. E. N., Parsons, L. T., & Crisp, T.H.O. M.A.S. (2017). Diverse children’s literature at the university. Journal of Children’s Literature, 43(1), e5-e10.
Singh, P., King-Shier, K., & Sinclair, S. (2018). The colours and contours of compassion: A systematic review of the perspectives of compassion among ethnically diverse patients and healthcare providers. PloS one, 13(5).

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