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Annotated Bibliography Sample Paper 2018

Annotated Bibliography

Berg, N. (2014). Predicting crime, LAPD style. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/jun/25/predicting-crime-lapd-los-angeles-police-data-analysis-algorithm-minority-report

The media report above provides crucial information concerning the Los Angeles Police Department that is armed as well as computerized. In fact, the article indicates the way LAPD uses new tech-improved as well as data-fortified techniques to fight as well as prevent crime in the state. It is evident that LAPD uses advanced technology to not only collect but also store as well as analyze information in an easy and cheaper way. The technology has enabled law enforcement agencies to have access to numerous records majority of non-criminal members of the public. With that said, it is clear that the source is credible because it has a recognized author and indicates the date of publication. Additionally, the article presents important information that helps in understanding criminology.

FBI. (n.d.). What we investigate: Cyber Crime. FBI. Retrieved from https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/cyber

The governmentdocument above indicates that FBI is one of the leading federal agencies that play a vital role in investing cyber-attacks by terrorists, criminals, as well as overseas adversaries. It is unfortunate that in the modern world, cyber intrusions have become commonplace, dangerous, as well as complex. The report depicts that different American organizations are targeted for trade secrets as well as other important corporative information. Because of the aforementioned reasons, the FBI has taken the initiative to address the pervasive as well as emerging cyber threats. In particular, the agency plays an integral part in improving the cyber divisions’ investigative capacity to sharpen its concentration on intrusions into both private not forgetting government computer networks. In fact, the presented report is considered credible because it presents vital information that related to the topic that under research. In simple terms, the report provides crucial information involving criminology such as terrorism and cyber-attacks.

Greenblatt, A. (2018). The Texas crime initiative: It led the way to justice reform in states across the nation. The American Conservative, 19-24.

The media report above provides vital data concerning the Texas crime initiative that is led by the way to justice transformation in states all over America. In particular, the source at hand indicates that the solution to drug as well as crime issues is not found in the building of more prisons. In fact, Texas has constructed many prisons thinking that the initiative will reduce the amount of crime and drug challenges experienced in the state. Specifically, the media report suggests that the state should embrace justice reforms to mitigate the level drug and crime problems. Simply put, Texas should stop building many prisons and focus on justice reforms to ensure that the city reduces the amount of drug and crime problems. Similarly, the report is regarded reliable as well as credible because it has a well known author and has provided the date of publication. Additionally, the source provides paramount information pertaining to crime and drug challenges in Texas.

Jain, E. (2017). Capitalizing on Criminal Justice. Duke LJ, 67, 1381.

The peer-reviewed journal above plays a vital role in offering incredible information pertaining to the U.S. criminal justice. Specifically, the article demonstrates that the country punishes many individuals for so long. On the other hand, the journal shows that considerable criminal law scholarship concentrates on the challenge of excessive punishment. Notably, the main question in the article is why various institutions such as regulatory agencies as well as law enforcement firms over punish individuals.Similarly, the journal at hand claims that the reach of the criminal justice system is the product of firms capitalizing on criminal law decisions. With that said, the peer-reviewed can is considered reliable and credible because it has the date of publication and a recognized other. What is more, it provides important data pertaining to criminology.

Mayeux, S. (2018). The idea of “the criminal justice system.” American Journal of Criminal Law, 45(1), 55-93.

The peer-reviewed journal offers critical information concerning the criminal justice system. It is important to understand that the presented idea is a set of processes as well as agencies developed by various governments to manage crime as well as impose tight penalties not forgetting fines on the individuals violating the law. The article shows that state criminal justice schemes plays a vital role in handling crimes committed within state boundaries. On the other hand, the federal criminal justice system takes part in handling crimes committed on federal property or even in state. The source indicates that majority criminal justices have five elements including defense attorneys, law enforcement, corrections, prosecution, as well as courts. Similarly, the journal is credible because it indicates date of publication as well as recognized author.

National Institute of Justice. (2018). Domestic radicalization research yields possible keys to identifying extremists on the path to terrorism. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://nij.gov/topics/crime/terrorism/Pages/domestic-radicalization-yields-possible-keys-to-identifying-extremists.aspx?utm_source=homepage&utm_medium=highlight&utm_campaign=articles

The article above presents the way and the reasons extremists turn into terrorists. On the same note, the research at hand highlights the available social nature of radicalization as people strengthen ties to the individuals who support terrorism while isolating themselves from those individuals who do not. The source presents different strategies to prevent as well as intervene by addressing people’s terrorist beliefs; thus improving employment helping people develop positive correlations with nonextremists, as well as treating mental health challenges. With that said, the article is important as it provides vital information pertaining to criminology. On the same note, the source is considered credible as it indicates its publication date.

National Institute of Justice. (2018). Researchers improve accuracy by combining testing methods for emerging recreational drugs. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://nij.gov/topics/forensics/evidence/toxicology/Pages/researchers-improve-accuracy-by-combining-testing-methods-for-emerging-recreational-drugs.aspx?utm_source=highlight&utm_medium=homepage&utm_campaign=articles

The source above indicates a conducted systematic study of tests for emerging illicit drugs as well as an examination involving the infrared spectra of microcrystals to develop a database to reduce subjectivity of the aforementioned tests. What is more, the journal at hand shows various issues relating to approaches for emerging recreational drugs. With that said, the presented report is considered credible because it presents vital information that related to the topic that under research. In simple terms, the report provides crucial information involving criminology such as drug challenges.

 

Walters, G. D. (2018). Resistance to peer influence and crime desistance in emerging adulthood: A moderated mediation analysis. Law and human behavior.

The article at hand conducted a comprehensive study to determine whether resistance to peer pressure leads to crime desistance by restricting proactive criminal thinking. In fact, the source attempts to indicate the way resistance to peer takes part in influencing crime desistance in emerging adulthood. In simple terms, the source is important as it provides vital information pertaining to criminology. On the same note, the source is considered credible as it indicates its publication date.

References

Berg, N. (2014). Predicting crime, LAPD style. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/jun/25/predicting-crime-lapd-los-angeles-police-data-analysis-algorithm-minority-report

FBI. (n.d.). What we investigate: Cyber Crime. FBI. Retrieved from https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/cyber

Greenblatt, A. (2018). The Texas crime initiative: It led the way to justice reform in states across the nation. The American Conservative, 19-24.

Jain, E. (2017). Capitalizing on Criminal Justice. Duke LJ67, 1381.

Mayeux, S. (2018). The idea of “the criminal justice system.” American Journal of Criminal Law, 45(1), 55-93.

National Institute of Justice. (2018). Domestic radicalization research yields possible keys to identifying extremists on the path to terrorism. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://nij.gov/topics/crime/terrorism/Pages/domestic-radicalization-yields-possible-keys-to-identifying-extremists.aspx?utm_source=homepage&utm_medium=highlight&utm_campaign=articles

National Institute of Justice. (2018). Researchers improve accuracy by combining testing methods for emerging recreational drugs. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://nij.gov/topics/forensics/evidence/toxicology/Pages/researchers-improve-accuracy-by-combining-testing-methods-for-emerging-recreational-drugs.aspx?utm_source=highlight&utm_medium=homepage&utm_campaign=articles

Walters, G. D. (2018). Resistance to peer influence and crime desistance in emerging adulthood: A moderated mediation analysis. Law and human behavior.

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