Amiri, M., &Pourhosein, R. (2016). The effects of training mothers with ADHD children based on Adler-Dreikurs’ instructions on parenting styles and oppositional behavior in their children.Journal Of Psychological Science   fall 2016 , Volume 15 , Number 59.

Amiri and Pourhosein focused their work towards understanding what could be the effect of mothers being trained on ADHD training for the management of the condition in their children. The work was based because mothers interact more with their children, and therefore, they had more impact on changing their behaviors. The study which was conducted in India entailed the mothers being exposed to a 90-minute session where they were exposed to the Adler-Dreikurs training on their parenting styles. The results were indicative of the fact that this training enhances the authoritative parenting style of the mother; they also promoted a reduction in parents neglecting their children behaviors. Therefore, using this intervention, there would be a reduction in the confusion when parents interact with their children in the management of ADHD. The selected article is essential because it gives a home-based intervention for the mother in the management of ADHD through addressing the behavior of the children.

Buathong, N., Pityaratstian, N., &Unahalekhaka, A. (2019). Pathways to parental anxiety: effect of coping strategies for disruptive behaviors in children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Asian Biomedicine13(1), 19-25.

The authors were concerned with the effects of anxiety in parents for children with ADHD displaying disruptive behaviors. It was noted that the disruptive behavior of children with ADHD and other symptoms usually leads to mental health issues to the parents and anxiety is an example of such a mental issue. The authors aimed at establishing the relationship between these behaviors and anxiety in parent and how parents cope. The study was conducted in Thailand, and it was noted that there was a significant relationship between disruptive behaviors of children with ADHD and anxiety levels among parents. In terms of coping mechanisms, most parents were noted to adopt an avoidance approach by the parents, which resulted in more mental health issues. The article is selected because it shows the existing gaps between the coping mechanisms adopted by parents and how they end up not being able to help them. The article was also vital because it provides an insight into the challenges that parents suffer from when managing ADHD in their children.

de Freitas Marino, R. L., Teixeira, M. C. T. V., Cantiere, C. N., de Fátima Ribeiro, A., Micieli, A. P. R., &Carreiro, L. R. R. (2019). Parenting styles and mental health in parents of children with ADHD. Interamerican Journal of Psychology53(3), 417-430.

The work by de Freitas et al. (2019) was aimed towards assessing the parenting style and the mental health of parents with ADHD. The study was founded because the parenting style may have an impact on how the parents manage their children’s ADHD while at the same time affecting their mental health. The study was aimed towards assessing the quality of life of the parents and its implication in the management of the ADHD behaviors of their children. The finding from the study was that the parents that had a low quality of life characterized by negative practices had children with a prevalence of behavioralproblems compared to the parents with positive practices. More to this is that the parents with negative practices exhibited a lack of adaptive function, which is essential in ensuring that their children had good behaviors. The selected resource was vital for the topic because it looks at the impact of the day to day life of the parents in the managing of ADHD in children at home.

MichaeliManee, F., Nourizad, N., Behnejad, S., &Haggi, R. (2018). Appraisal of effectiveness and comparison of parent-child interaction therapy and parent management training on symptom improvement of ADHD among boys with ADHD. Journal of Research and Health8(5), 425-434.

The authors confirmed the fact that ADHD management for parents has been a significant parenting challenge. This is because the symptoms displayed by children with these conditions are different, and when a parent does not have an intervention mechanism, it becomes challenging to manage the situation. Michaeli and colleagues’ study was aimed towards comparing two alternatives used for the management of ADHD by parents, and these were parent-child interaction therapy and parent management training. The results were impressive because they showed that both interventions had significant outcomes in the management of ADHD. However, parent-child interaction therapy was more effective. The findings brought a revelation that engaging the children in the intervention process would aid in managing their ADHD. The article was selected because it gives the parent an opportunity of selecting a therapy that better works for them.

Moghaddam, M. F., Assareh, M., Rakhshani, T., &Broomand, A. (2018). Investigating aggression and its relationship with parenting styles among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (Adhd) in Zahedan city, 2014. Shiraz E-Medical Journal19(9).

The work by Moghaddam and colleagues focused on a specific symptom of children with ADHD, that is aggression. Their work was aimed towards establishing how parenting style ended up influencing the aggressive behaviors of children with ADHD. The study was founded because aggression can be a symptom in children with ADHD, but it is not common in all children. The reason why this was so is due to several factors, and one of them is on the parenting style. One precise observation that was made is that parents that adopted authoritative measures ended up pushing their children into becoming more aggressive compared to those that adopted permissive parenting styles. This finding was evidence enough that the parenting style adopted had an impact on the ADHD behavior 9of the children. The article was selected because it brought insight on how a specific symptom of ADHD (aggression) can be managed using a parenting style measures. More importantly, is that it raises a study gap of interest that needs to be explored, that is, to what extent permissive parenting style manages ADHD before making the child more complacent in adopting negative behaviors.

Rezende, F. P., Calais, S. L., & Cardoso, H. F. (2019). Stress, parenting and family support in attention deficit/shyperactivity disorder. Psicologia: teoria e prática21(2), 153-171.

The work of Rezende and colleagues was aimed towards establishing the relationship between parents, parenting style and support system for children with ADHD. This was important to look into because ADHD does not only affect the child but all members of the family, including both the father and the mother. The findings from the study which was based on the measurement of stress levels of the family members. It was noted that mothers were more stressed than fathers, and this was due to the parenting practices adopted. More to this is that as the child got older, the parent styles become less effective. The finding from the source is a revelation of the prevailing gaps in the management of ADHD. The selected article is essential for the topic because it reveals how essential parenting styles need to be adjusted as the children become older. This is because, with time, the parenting style that used to be useful when the child was younger ceases to be more productive.

Sibley, M. H., Campez, M., Perez, A., Morrow, A. S., Merrill, B. M., Altszuler, A. R., … &Yeguez, C. E. (2016). Parent management of organization, time management, and planning deficits among adolescents with ADHD. Journal of psychopathology and behavioral assessment38(2), 216-228.

The selected article was essential to the topic because it brought about a new insight to the problem at hand. It looks at ways in which ADHD in adolescents can be managed at the home setting by the parents. The work by Sibley, Campez and their colleagues looked at the management aspects of parenting which included time management and planning in the containment of ADHD in their children. The organization, time management and planning patterns of parents with adolescents with ADHD were measured. In the process, it was noted that the time management and planning were effective in establishing parent control, help in homework, promoting parent-teen collaboration and in increased involvement in the affairs of their teens. The findings from the study show that parents had control in managing the ADHD behavior of their children. Their success, however, depends on when they started relying on these interventions. If the parents are quick enough, they can eventually manage the ADHD.